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طرح دو معماری - مدرسه هنر و معماری - طرح منتخب گروه معماری "Steven Holl" برای مسابقه طراحی مدرسه هنر گلاسکو

طرح دو معماری - مدرسه هنر و معماری

طراحی معماری با هدف آشنایی با مفاهیم ، تعاریف فضا و عوامل مؤثر بر طراحی ... Architectural Design 2

طرح منتخب گروه معماری "Steven Holl" برای مسابقه طراحی مدرسه هنر گلاسکو

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New York-based Steven Holl Architects, in collaboration with Glasgow-based JM Architects, has won the international design competition for the new building of the Glasgow School of Art on the site opposite the historic Mackintosh Building. The competition was organized by the Glasgow School of Art. The Selection Committee, chaired by Barcelona-based architect David MacKay, selected Steven Holl Architects with JM Architects by unanimous vote.

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Winning concept of the Glasgow School of Art competition by Steven Holl Architects and JM Architects

According to a statement from the Glasgow School of Art:

“The Selection Committee considered that Steven Holl Architects’ work showed a poetic use of light and their submission demonstrated a singular creative vision, scale of ambition, profound clarity and a respectful rivalry for the Mackintosh Building. The Committee believed that Holl’s approach to the craft of building, his understanding of the opportunities of new technology and an enjoyment of the challenges of sustainable design, promised a great step forward in the development of architecture in an urban setting.”

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The model shows the building circulation concept

The plan for the new Glasgow School of Art draws upon the push-pull typology of light that is analogous to the original Mackintosh building but moves forward using a new language. The building is composed of volumes shaped by light and connected by a “circuit of connection” which encourages the creative contact central to the workings of the school.

Voids of light, in the form of precast concrete, are central to the building section and structural support. North and south light cuts connect studio sections, and convex light windows project from the facade.

The main body of the new building is a loose-fitting structure, which envelopes a plan composed of studio volumes. Working with proportions and allowing good levels of light into the spaces, the plan remains flexible for the future. The building skin is 100% recycled, fused glass with a solar cavity capable of harvesting heat in winter and cooling in summer.

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The front facade of Mackintosh’s historic Glasgow School of Art building (Photo: Finlay McWalter)

Steven Holl said: “We are thrilled to be selected for this very important project for the new Glasgow School of Art. It is an honor to make a new architecture for a 21st century school of art across from Mackintosh’s inspiring masterwork of the early 20th century. Since my student days at the University of Washington, the amazing Mackintosh building with its tremendous light and magical scale has been a seminal reference. Mackintosh’s manipulation of the building section for light in such a variety of inventive ways has inspired our approach toward a plan of studio volumes shaped by light and connected by a ‘Circuit of Connection’ which encourages the creative contact central to the workings of the school.

100 years after completion, Mackintosh’s building continues to inspire as a work of architecture and a place to make art. The invention of an original architectural language is a fresh today as it was then. Its intensity of detail, light and material calls for the highest aspirations of a phenomenologically-driven architecture of our time. We feel the urgency of recovering the integral action of “thinking and making” in the use of the highest new technologies available. We imagine the new Glasgow School of Art to be a celebration of Knowledge: the phenomenological and experiential joys of perception supercharged by the techniques of tomorrow.”

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Exterior View of Mackintosh Building (Photo: The Glasgow School of Art/Eric Thorburn)

This 2009 competition, which was to find an architect-led team and not to select a design, received submissions from over 150 international firms from which seven were shortlisted (in alphabetical order): Benson & Forsyth (London, UK); Elder and Cannon (Glasgow, UK); Francisco Mangado Architects with ZM Architects (Pamplona, Spain and Glasgow ); Grafton Architects (Dublin, Ireland); Hopkins (London, UK); John McAslan and Partners with Nord Architects (London and Glasgow); Steven Holl Architects with JM Architects (New York and Glasgow).

Steven Holl Architects is a leading New York based practice which has been recognized internationally with some of architecture's most prestigious awards and prizes. These include recent awards from the American Institute of Architects and the Royal Incorporation of British Architects for the Nelson Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City and the School of Art at Iowa University. Awards have also recognised their commitment to sustainable design. Recent work includes the Herning Centre for the Arts in Denmark and a major development in Beijing where they also have an office. They will work with Henry McKeown and Ian Alexander, award winning directors from the Glasgow office of JM Architects.

The brief for Steven Holl's team is to work with GSA to refine the Masterplan for GSA's Garnethill estate redevelopment and to design and deliver Phase 1, a new building to significantly enhance the teaching, learning and research facilities available to GSA students and staff and the access which the public can have to their work. The building will sit opposite the Mackintosh Building, recently voted the UK's favourite building of the past 175 years in a national survey run by the Royal Institute of British Architects. The in principle support of the Scottish Funding Council has been essential in enabling the School to move to this stage.

It is particularly appropriate that this announcement comes just over 100 years after The Glasgow School of Art held its first architectural competition when it invited submissions from 11 architects' practices for a new school in the centre of the city. The winner was 28-year-old Charles Rennie Mackintosh (then working for Honeyman and Keppie), whose Mackintosh Building, will remain at the heart of the new urban campus and the educational experience of every GSA student.

This 2009 competition, which was to find an architect-led team and not to select a design, received submissions from over 150 international firms from which seven were shortlisted (in alphabetical order): Benson & Forsyth (London, UK); Elder and Cannon (Glasgow, UK); Francisco Mangado Architects with ZM Architects (Pamplona, Spain and Glasgow ); Grafton Architects (Dublin, Ireland); Hopkins (London, UK); John McAslan and Partners with Nord Architects (London and Glasgow); Steven Holl Architects with JM Architects (New York and Glasgow).

The final and unanimous decision was reached after a rigorous process, against set evaluation criteria, of submissions, presentations and interviews, by a Selection Committee chaired by Barcelona based architect, David Mackay. The Selection Committee considered that Steven Holl Architects' work showed a poetic use of light and their submission demonstrated a singular creative vision, scale of ambition, profound clarity and a respectful rivalry for the Mackintosh Building. The Committee believed that Holl's approach to the craft of building, his understanding of the opportunities of new technology and an enjoyment of the challenges of sustainable design, promised a great step forward in the development of architecture in an urban setting.

"This is the next major step in transforming Glasgow School of Art's rather poor estate into spaces for learning, teaching, research and engagement with the public which are fit for their purpose, meet the needs of our staff and students and support their ambitions," said Seona Reid, Director of The Glasgow School of Art. "I am absolutely confident, as was the Selection Committee, that our collaboration with Steven Holl Architects and theirs with JM Architects will produce a world class building for the School and for Glasgow, an inspiring environment for our staff and students, an inventive and worthy companion to Mackintosh and a building of which we will all be immensely proud. The selection of the architect to lead this important project was a demanding process for all concerned. We have been incredibly impressed by the hard work, creativity, and commitment given to it by all seven of the shortlisted teams and we thank them for it. I also want to thank the eight members of the Selection Committee, chaired by David Mackay, whose enthusiasm for their task and the insights they brought to the process were absolutely invaluable"


Double Appointment for Turner & Townsend by The Glasgow School of Art

Turner & Townsend's reputation for providing excellent support to the Education sector has been recognised by being appointed by The Glasgow School of Art to provide both Project and Cost Management services for the Garnethill Estate Redevelopment.

£50m of funding for the major redevelopment of the School's city centre campus was awarded by the Scottish Funding Council in June 2008.  The funds will help to replace three buildings opposite the iconic Mackintosh Building which have been identified as being no longer fit for purpose, with poor quality facilities and a lack of lecture space.

Turner & Townsend's Project Management team will be developing with the School, a project programme to safeguard business continuity and manage project activities and project risks in relation to the programme.  Our Cost Management team will provide the School with detailed cost advice and reporting at all stages of the project, and play a key role in the preparation of tendering information for the contractor appointment.

An international competition to appoint an architect for the project was completed in early September, when Steven Holl Architects (New York) working with Scottish based jm Architects were selected to lead the design team.

For over 160 years the School's activities have been centered in the Garnethill area of Glasgow city centre and the estate is most identified by the Grade A-listed main school building designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh (the Mackintosh Building), which was completed in 1909.  The school currently has 1665 FTE students, but hopes to increase this to 2000 over the next 6 years.

Turner & Townsend Associate Director, Kevin Bryson, who last week was named UK Project Manager of the Year by the Association of Project Managers said;  "We're delighted to have been appointed by The Glasgow School of Art to help them achieve their vision.  Their decision to appoint us to project manage as well as cost manage this exciting development is testament to the knowledge and expertise we have gained within the Education sector over recent years."

David Miller, Director of Estates at the School commented on Turner & Townsend's appointment;  "The redevelopment of the Garnethill Estate is one of the most important architectural developments within Glasgow for a number of years.  We enjoyed a very successful relationship with Turner & Townsend's Project and Cost Managers assisting in the development of the Outline Business Case for this project, and so we are looking forward to this relationship extending into the design and implementation phase."

The double appointment by the School has further cemented Turner & Townsend as a construction industry leader.  There have been several other recent and significant project wins for the company's Glasgow office, including:

  • A quayside development project for Scottish Enterprise
  • A new sports centre for Inverclyde Council
  • Infrastructure works and new offices for Clyde Gateway
  • A&E refurbishment at Glasgow Royal Infirmary for NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde

Commenting on the recent successes, Ronnie Dool, Turner & Townsend Director, said;  "In the current volatile economic climate, we're delighted to have won a number of significant projects over recent months.  The diversity of our service streams, coupled with the quality of service we provide to our clients, has enabled the business to secure key commissions despite these challenging and extremely competitive times.  It's great to be part of the work that helps Glasgow undergo it's step change to elevate the city further and leave behind it's 'No Mean City' image."

 

Below, architectural drawings of the old C R Mackintosh GSA building, completed in 1909:

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